Wine Guide

Here are some facts and figures from the major wine producing countries around the world.

FRANCE

France has the world's largest wine production ahead of Italy and the second-largest total vineyard area behind Spain. French wine exports make up 34.01% of the world market share and can trace its history to the 6th century BC, with many of France's regions dating their wine-making history to Roman times. The wines produced today range from expensive high-end wines sold internationally, to more modest wines usually only seen within France.

ITALY

Italy home to some of the oldest wine-producing regions in the world. Although wines had been elaborated from the wild Vitis vinifera grape for millennia, it wasn't until the Greek colonization that wine-making flourished. Depending on the vintage, modern Italy is the world's largest or second largest wine producer. In 2005, production was about 20% of the global total, second only to France, which produced 26%.

AUSTRALIA

The Australian wine industry is the fourth-largest exporter in the world, exporting over 400 million litres a year. Australian made wine was available for sale domestically by the 1820s. Early Australian winemakers faced many difficulties, particularly due to the unfamiliar Australian climate. Major grape varieties are Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, and Riesling. Australia's most famous wine is Penfolds Grange.



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